The summer sun can have damaging effects on your hair if you’re not careful. The external surface of the hair i.e the hair shaft keratin fibre is susceptible to damage on exposure to the UV light. This light causes damage to the hair protein as well as degradation of the hair pigment. Additionally UVB radiation is responsible for hair protein loss and UVA radiation is responsible for color changes. Absorption of the UV light by the hair results in formation of free radicals which damage the hair. The melanin i.e the colour in the hair helps to stop the free radical formation and prevents penetration of the UV light in the hair. Overexposure of hair to the summer sun in addition to the dry hot air can also cause dehydration, dullness and tangles. This can also be damaging to the scalp which on severe exposure can get burnt. The increased heat can cause the pores of the scalp to open up which can lead the dirt and pollutants to enter the scalp while weakening the roots. The increase sweat production can cause multiple problems if not kept clean like excessive itching, small painful boils, bacterial and fungal infections.